Pear shaped brilliant cut diamond combines the beauty of marquise and the round shapes perfectly with tapered point at end. When wearing this one should ensure that, the pointed, narrow end remains towards the wearer’s hand. Similar to marquise and oval cuts, pear shaped diamonds also come with a variety of wide and slim cuts. These make the fingers of the wearer appear slimmer and longer.
Ideally, buyers should go for a diamond that possesses very good or excellent symmetry. Point must be in keeping with the rounded end apex. Wings and shoulders signify the lower and upper curves on the left and the right side of diamond. These should form symmetrical, uniform curves minus any straight edges. A squat or narrow appearance of the rounded top is not desirable which will make it resemble a semicircle.
Cutters may sometimes give a misguided effort of adding weight by integrating an increased amount of rough stone during the final cut. Added girth is present due to this especially near the top or point giving squatty, squared off appearance. Length-width ratio in a pear shaped classic diamond is 1.40 to 1.70. However, the eventual setting of the stone makes all the difference and choices depend upon buyer’s preference.
A pear narrow diamond will appear beautiful in a dangling earring and another one having a comparatively wider shape goes best for solitaire ring designs. Bow-tie effects are visible in the shape and may range from quite severe to near invisible. Passage of light through the stone casts shadows across central stone facets. It is possible to reduce this effect by altering pavilion depth, adjust facet and table angles. This will allow better diffusion of light to central area.
Pear shaped diamonds otherwise known as the Teardrop or Pendeloque Cut has 58 facets in all. However, pavilion facet numbers may vary between 4 and 8. When cut using French Tip, it replaces its bezel large facet at point with upper and star girdle facets. This kind of diamond shape boasts of varied appearances such as an angular one due to presence of ‘high shoulders’.
The origin of Pear shaped diamond can be traced back to the 1400s when Lodewyk Berquem, a Flemish cutter created this shape. He was also the inventor of the famous scaif or the diamond-polishing wheel.
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